New York Power Plants: Hudson River Power Plants

Hudson River Power Plants

Bowline Generating Station

Summary:

Bowline Generating Station is a 1,139-megawatt natural gas and oil fired steam electric generating facility sited along the Hudson River in the Town of Haverstraw. The power plant has two steam generating units that became operational in 1972 (Unit 1) and 1974 (Unit 2).

Bowline Generating Station employs a once-through cooling system that is responsible for entraining 127 million fish eggs and larvae each year, and impinging another 30,000 adult and juvenile fish.

Megawatts Water Withdrawn (million gallons/day) Entrainment (annual) Impingement (annual)
1,139 912 127,000,000 30,000

Permitting Status:

Bowline Generating Station is operating on a State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) permit that expired in 1992. As a result of lawsuits brought by Riverkeeper, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) issued new draft permits for four existing power plants on the Hudson River, including Bowline, between 2003 - 2005. The permit for Bowline calls for the installation of a seasonal coarse barrier net, variable speed pumps and a fine mesh barrier net, but not closed-cycle cooling. A final permit has not been issued.

Danskammer Generating Station

Summary:

Danskammer Generating Station is a 491-megawatt natural gas, oil and coal fired steam electric generating facility sited along the Hudson River in Newburgh. The power plant has four steam generating units that became operational in 1951 (Unit 1), 1954 (Unit 2), 1959 (Unit 3) and 1967 (Unit 4).

Danskammer Generating Station employs a once-through cooling system that is responsible for entraining 161 million fish eggs and larvae each year, and impinging another 144,000 adult and juvenile fish.

Megawatts Water Withdrawn (million gallons/day) Entrainment (annual) Impingement (annual)
491 457 161,019,074 144,429

Permitting Status:

Danskammer Generating Station is operating on a

State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) permit that expired in 1992. As a result of lawsuits brought by Riverkeeper, the New York State DEC issued new draft permits for four existing power plants on the Hudson River, including Danskammer, between 2003 -2005 . The final Danskammer SPDES permit issued in 2006 expired on May 31, 2011 .

Indian Point Energy Center

Summary:

Indian Point Energy Center is a 1,910-megawatt nuclear-powered generating facility sited along the Hudson River in Buchanan. The power plant has two steam electric generating units that became operational in 1973 (Unit 2) and 1976 (Unit 3).

Indian Point employs a once-through cooling system that is responsible for entraining 1.2 billion fish eggs and larvae each year, and impinging another 1.2 million adult and juvenile fish.

Megawatts Water Withdrawn (million gallons/day) Entrainment (annual) Impingement (annual)
1,910 2,801 1,200,000,000 1,180,000

Permitting Status:

Indian Point Energy Center is operating on a State Pollution Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) permit that expired in 1992.

As a result of lawsuits brought by Riverkeeper, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) issued new draft Indian Point SPDES permit in 2003 that called for closed-cycle cooling.

However, no final permit has been issued and the power plant has not retrofitted to closed-cycle cooling. In April 2010, DEC denied a water quality permit -- "401 certification," based on the plant's impact on aquatic life -- required for the plant's 20-year license renewal, and again called for closed-cycle cooling.

Roseton Generating Station

Summary:

Roseton Generating Station is a 1,200-megawatt natural gas and oil fired steam electric generating facility sited along the Hudson River in the Newburgh. The power plant has two steam generating units that became operational in 1974. Roseton Generating Station employs a once-through cooling system that is responsible for entraining 712 million fish eggs and larvae each year, and impinging another 44,000 adult and juvenile fish.

Megawatts Water Withdrawn (million gallons/day) Entrainment (annual) Impingement (annual)
1,200 926 712,000,000 44,096

Permitting Status:

Roseton Generating Station is operating on a

State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES)

permit that expired in 1992. As a result of lawsuits brought by Riverkeeper, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) issued new draft permits for four existing power plants on the Hudson River, including Roseton, between 2003 - 2005. A final permit for Roseton has not been issued.